Hearing interpreters can provide a number of services for those who are hard of hearing or fully deaf. They may be hearing individuals who provide services for those who are deaf, or they may be deaf individuals who serve as a go-between for a hearing interpreter and someone who is not fluent in sign language. Deaf interpreters are considered to be specialists in ASL and other forms of communication with deaf individuals.
ASL interpreters are available in many areas. These interpreters may be hired by individuals to assist in translations, with communicating with others, as tutors for learning ASL, and more. They may also be hired by organizations, agencies, schools, and events to provide interpreting services. A hearing interpreter may be needed to assist a deaf person in testifying in court, for example.
An interpreter may engage in either simultaneous interpreting or consecutive interpreting. In simultaneous interpreting, they provide the interpretations while the speaker talks, making the conversation go more quickly. This type of communication is more difficult when a hearing interpreter has to translate the message to a deaf interpreter, who then passes it on the deaf individual. In consecutive interpreting, which is used in legal proceedings, is when the interpreter listens to the entire message before translating it into ASL. This takes longer, but it does create an interpretation that is often more accurate.
Types of interpreting: